The thermal and electric conductivity of graphite is based on free electrons. This property is determined by the size and the perfection of the crystallites.
Outstanding lubrication properties
Graphite is an excellent lubricant as the layers within the crystal lattice can be easily shifted against each other. This strength particularly becomes obvious under high temperature and pressure.
Resistance to oxidation and cyclic temperature stress
With its excellent degree of crystallisation, graphite is highly resistant to oxidation and cyclic temperature stress, as well as to most chemical agents. That is why graphite is ideally suited for applications in the field of fireproof materials and chemicals.
Formation of intercalation compounds
The bonding strength between the layer planes allows the intercalation of certain molecules within the graphite lattice. This intercalation forms the basis of the use of graphite in the fields of flame protection and accumulators.